Count Down to July 2018
Cannabis Act: Bill C-45
by the cannabis access resource & education center

Will Stewart on Twitter

My article on the 1st debate on the #Cannabis Act & where the parties are drawing battle lines. #marijuana #cdnpoli https://t.co/13gEDnjPrN

The Government of Canada intends to bring the Cannabis Act into force no later than July 2018, subject to the approval of Parliament and to royal assent.

Abundant information has been published online, including an examination of Bill C-45 for potential Charter engagements, answers to questions about personal cultivation, the status of Bill C-45, and how the new measures would be enforced.

Normally, proposed regulations are published in Canada Gazette, Part I, as the vehicle for the public to view and comment. The department sponsoring the legislation collects public comments and makes any changes.

However, due to the self-imposed, before-July deadline, timing is everything. The Canada Gazette, Part I, November 25, 2017 issue, contained a notice of intent to develop regulations under the proposed Cannabis Act , rather than the proposed regulations themselves.

Instead, Health Canada published a consultation paper, providing details on key elements (licensing; security requirements; product standards, labelling and packaging; access to cannabis for medical purposes; health products containing cannabis), and followed by soliciating input from Canadians on the proposed regulatory approach.

The 60-day public comment period has ended. Health Canada intends to publish a summary of the comments received, as well as a detailed outline of any changes, plus information on the proposed regulatory requirements.

After approval by Privy Council Office and Cabinet of Canada, the final regulations will have to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II, as soon as possible following royal assent. The text of the new law will be published in Part III. In Canada, if a regulation has not been published in the Gazette, a person cannot be convicted of the offence.

Long title: An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts.



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A Framework for the Legalization and Regulation of Cannabis in Canada
The Final Report of the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation, produced after consultations with Canadians. The Task Force first assembled in June 2016 and delivered their report on November 30, 2016.
Report | healthycanadians.gc.ca | 2016
Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes
Legislative Background: The government is committed to maintaining the current access program for individuals registered with a federally licensed producer and those licensed to procuce a limited amount for medical purposes. Points covered include:
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts (Bill C-45)
"Cannabis will remain prohibited as the Bill moves through the legislative process. If it is approved by Parliament, the Bill could become law no later than July 2018."
--Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 2017. [PDF 58p]
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Backgrounder from Health Canada
The proposed Cannabis Act would create a strict national framework for controlling cannabis in Canada, informed by the recommendations of the Task Force for Cannabis Legalization and Regulation. Health Canada's key points include:
Backgrounder | Canada.ca | 2017
Backgrounder: Roles and Responsibilities
From within a strict national framework controlling production, distribution, sale, and possession, provinces and territories would license and oversee the actual distribution and sale of cannabis, all subject to minimum federal conditions regarding:
Backgrounder | Canada.ca | 2017
Bill C-45 Cannabis Act
You can read or listen to what has been said in the House of Commons regarding the Cannabis Act. A non-government site which keeps tabs on Bill C-45 as it progresses into law.
Fact Sheet | openparliament.ca | 2017
Bill Overview
The proposed Cannabis Act would control and strictly regulate cannabis in a way that allows only adults to access it through an appropriate retail framework, sourced from a well-regulated industry, or grown in limited amounts at home.
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Canada Takes Action to Legalize and Strictly Regulate Cannabis
The proposed legislation would provide regulated and restricted access to cannabis and crack down on impaired driving.
Press Release | Canada.ca | 2017
Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines
Updated and revised Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines. The original LRCUG were published in 2011. From a scientific perspective, Health Canada considers the Guidelines to be evidence-based information. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research supported the revisions through funding provided to the Canadian Research Initiative in Substance Misuse. [PDF 2p]
Guidelines | camh.ca | 2017
Canadian Cannabis Survey Summary 2017
The Canadian Cannabis Survey (CCS) summary presents survey findings from the first data collection cycle, which commenced March 13, 2017 and ended May 24, 2017. Survey findings were weighted by region, age groups, and gender. Eligible respondents, recruited by phone, were divided, via an online survey, into medical or non-medical users. A separate list of questions was asked of respondents who indicated they used cannabis for non-medical purposes.
Summary | Canada.ca | 2017
 Cannabis Act: Reviews and Analyses
Canadians review, detail, and comment on Bill C-45, designed to legalize, regulate, and restrict access to cannabis. This Act will affect Canadians at home, at work, and at play.
Cannabis Resource Library | theCAREcenter.ca | 2018
Charter Statement
The Minister of Justice examined Bill C-45 for ways in which it potentially engages the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Charter:
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Consultation on the Proposed Approach to the Regulation of Cannabis
Current status: The public consultation is closed. Health Canada had sought feedback on its proposed approach to the regulation of cannabis. As the Government of Canada intends to bring the Cannabis Act into force no later than July 2018, Health Canada will now publish a summary of the comments received, and the final regulations will be published in the Canada Gazette.
Consultation | Canada.ca |
Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act serves as the implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.
Wiki | wikipedia.org | 2018
Controlled Drugs and Substances Act ( SC 1996, c.19 )
Short Title: An Act to regulate certain drugs and other substances.
Laws & Regulations | lois-laws.justice.gc.ca | 2017
Crowdsourcing Cannabis Prices in Canada
Statistics Canada is collecting current non-medical cannabis price data and asks about your latest purchase of dried cannabis. Submissions are anonymous.
Survey | statcan.gc.ca | 2018
Current Status of Cannabis Laws
Cannabis remains a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Drug and Substances Act, and, unless otherwise regulated for production and distribution for medical purposes, is subject to offences under that Act. Possessing and selling cannabis for non-medical purposes is still illegal everywhere in Canada.
Facts | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Detailed Bill Guide
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Financial Reporting Accounts
Account numbers identify the relevant asset, liability, equity, revenue and expense accounts required for financial reporting (maintaining accounts in a general ledger) and for preparing financial statements:
List | tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca | 2018
Health Canada Launches Public Consultation on Proposed Approach to the Regulation of Cannabis
Online consultations were open for 60 days, from November 21, 2017 to January 20, 2018. The information gathered will be added to the extensive consultations already conducted by the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation and on Canada's existing system of regulated production of cannabis for medical purposes and industrial hemp.
News Release | Canada.ca | 2017
Health Effects of Cannabis
Legislative Background: The Department of Justice lists both potential therapeutic uses for and potential health risks of using cannabis.
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
House Government Bill C-45
An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code, and other Acts.
Proposed Bill | parl.gc.ca | 2017
Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations Amendments to Align with the Coming into Force of the Cannabis Act
The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) is developing amendments to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations to: Enabling Act: Immigration Refugee Protection Act
Forward Regulatory Plan | nexus.gc.ca | 2018
Introduction of the Cannabis Act: Questions and Answers
Answers to questions about the proposed Cannabis Act:
Fact Sheet | Canada.ca | 2017
Legalization and Regulation of Cannabis
Services and information:
List | Canada.ca | 2017
Legislative Summary of Bill C-45
Legal and Social Affairs Division provides a summary analysis of Bill C-45: An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts for parliamentarians, parliamentary committees, and parliamentary associations.
Library of Parliament Research Publication | lop.parl.ca | 2017
Minister of Health Mandate Letter - ARCHIVED
2015: "Support the Ministers of Justice and Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness on efforts that will lead to the legalization and regulation of marijuana."
--Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P.
Mandate Letter | pm.gc.ca | 2015
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada Mandate Letter
2015: "Working with the Ministers of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness and Health, create a federal-provincial-territorial process that will lead to the legalization and regulation of marijuana."
--Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P.
Mandate Letter | pm.gc.ca | 2015
Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Mandate Letter
2015: "Support the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Health on efforts that will lead to the legalization and regulation of marijuana."
--Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P.
Mandate Letter | pm.gc.ca | 2015
Notice of Intent to develop Regulations under the Proposed Cannabis Act
In November 2017, the Canada Gazette published the Minister of Health's notice of intent to develop new regulations under the proposed Act for consideration and approval by the Governor in Council. A 60-day consultation period followed. Summaries of comments received will be published in 2018.
Notice of Intent | gazette.gc.ca | 2017
Proposed Approach to the Regulation of Cannabis
Health Canada's consultation paper, Proposed Approach to the Regulation of Cannabis, sets out proposals regarding the regulation of cannabis in Canada. The purpose is to solicit public input and views on the approach under the following themes:
Consultation Paper | Canada.ca | 2017
Proposed Requirements for Cultivation, Processing, and Federal Sale Licences
A point-form list of proposed licencing requirements for producing and selling medical cannabis and non-medical cannabis (including hemp):
List | Canada.ca | 2017
Regulatory Initiative: Regulations Supporting the Cannabis Act
Forward Regulatory Plan 2017-2019:
Forward Regulatory Plan | Canada.ca | 2017
Roles and Responsibilities
The Government of Canada commits to an ongoing collaboration with provinces and territories as it delivers on the commitment to legalize, strictly regulate and restrict access to cannabis. The provinces and territories would license and oversee the distribution and sale of cannabis under a strict national framework
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017
Statement from the Minister of Health on the Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines
Office of Jane Philpott: From a scientific perspective, Health Canada considers the Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines to be evidence-based information. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research supported the development of the Guidelines through funding provided to the Canadian Research Initiative in Substance Misuse. [PDF 2p]
Statement | Canada.ca | 2017
Supply Chain for the Commercial Production and Sale of Cannabis
Proposed Federal Licences: Other federal authorizations:
InfoGraphic | canada.ca | 2017
Task Force Report: Executive Summary
Among a long list of items, the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation (Task Force) recommended that the federal government:
Backgrounder | justice.gc.ca | 2017